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Mathematics is a huge topic, and we make no claim that this section is complete.
However, most of the engineers and scientists will find the software listed in
this category useful. For example, software in Computer Algebra Systems
can help one derive, simplify, and manipulate equations symbolically instead of
using pen and paper. Software in ArrayOriented System will assist you in
handling linear algebra numerically, and software in Statistics will help you
perform statistical analysis on your data. You can use most of these
software without writing code (though, many of them have their own
programming languages). For those who are interested in coding the numerical
analysis program, you should look at the next category:
Numerical Analysis.
Note that the spreadsheet software are listed here
within the Office Software section.

Mathematics
Computer Algebra Systems GAMS, Maple, Mathematica, MuPAD, Reduce,...
ArrayOriented & Linear Algebra Systems GAUSS, IDL, MATCOM, Matlab, Octave, Rlab, Scilab, TELA, ....
Statistics STAT, SPlus, Stata, TSP, ViSta, xldlas, XlispStat...
Number Theory KANT/KASH, LiDIA, NTL, Pari/GP, SIMATH...
Misc
