Guillaumin, Jean-Baptiste Armand
Guillaumin, (Jean-Baptiste-) Armand (b. Feb. 16, 1841, Paris,
Fr.--d. June 26, 1927, Paris), French landscape painter and engraver
who was a member of the
[Encyclopaedia Britannica, 1994]
The longest surviving Impressionist, the most loyal, and probably
the least known, Guillaumin was born in Paris of a family that had
recently moved there from central France, where as a boy he spent
much of his time. At the age of 15 he started working in his uncle's
shop, whilst studying drawing in the evenings.
In 1860 he obtained a job on the Paris-Orleans railway,
continuing to paint in his spare time. In 1861 he entered
the Académie Suisse and met
with whom he was to remain on close terms for the rest of his life.
They spent some time together at Pontoise, and Cézanne
was greatly impressed by a view of the Seine that Guillaumin
painted in 1871 (Museum of Fine Arts, Boston).
At this time all three were frequent visitors to Gachet's house
at Auvers, and it was there that Cézanne did a portrait-etching
Guillaumin. Cézanne also copied a painting by him of the Seine
at Bercy (1876-78; Kunsthalle, Hamburg).
Guillaumin exhibited at the Salon des Refusés and at most
of the Impressionist exhibitions.
were not particularly impressed by his works, which were marked
by a passion for colour that, towards the end of his life,
brought him close to the Fauves.
His prospects improved when he was taken up by the dealer Auguste
Portier, who had commenced his career with Durand-Ruel,
and he was assured of financial stability when he won a large prize
in the Loterie Nationale in 1891.
He became friendly with
with whose work his own has certain affinities
View of Agay, Musée d'Orsay), and in 1904
he spent some time in Holland. The vigour of his brushwork,
and the obvious lyrical zest that informs his landscapes bring
him close to van Gogh, and clearly influenced the young
© 15 Oct 1995,
Nicolas Pioch -
Thanks to the
BMW Foundation, the WebMuseum
and contributors for their support.